人格類型在不同階段的發展

  1. [h2:0-6歲階段 ] 在這個早期的年齡裏,我們用一種不加選擇的方式使用INFJ四個功能, 我們像試穿衣服那用去試著使用每種功能,來決定哪個對我們更有效。小INFJ們身上還沒有浮現出任何一種特定的性格類型,盡管他的父母可能注意到他的行為已經顯示出擁有一種或多種性格類型特質的傾向。 [h2:6-12歲階段 ] 在這個階段,我們的主導功能開始發展而表現自己。咱們的小INFJ們開始表現得充滿夢想、喜歡內省,他開始偏愛用他的直覺去接受外在信息,並且他會寧願一個人呆著(內傾), INFJ的主導功能——“內向的直覺”開始作為他性格的主要方麵表現出來。 [h2:12-20歲 ] 輔助功能顯示它的作用,作為對主導功能的強大支持。近來所有的研究都指出一個充分發展的主導功能和輔助功能組合的重要性,所以這是一個重要的“自己認同”時期。研究表明,缺乏強大的輔助功能來彌補主導功能的人們會出大問題。 在我們的INFJ例子上,我們能看到輔助功能——情感功能(F)這個階段在這個階段變得明顯,作為主導功能——直覺(N)的支持。 因為INFJ的主導功能(N)是信息收集功能,輔助功能就必須是一種決策製定功能。要是沒有了決策過程,我們將猶豫、躊躇,什麼事也幹不成。 隨著輔助的情感功能的出現,INFJ們開始發展基於他們自身價值觀係統而進行決策的能力, 這個輔助的決策過程將是外向的,因為主導功能是內向的。正因為這個外向的決策功能是外向的,“判斷”性格才會出現在我們的談論話題中來,而不是“感知”性格。現在,我們的INFJ的性格類型已經穩固地形成,也知道我們四種功能的主次順序。   [h2:20-35歲階段 ] 我們開始更頻繁地使用我們的第三性格功能,並且也越來越取得成功。INFJ們開始他們的內向思考功能。他繼續用他的外向情感輔助功能來做出判斷,但是他也開始根據邏輯和推理來進行判斷,這個判斷過程是在他自己的頭腦進行,而不是和別人一起來討論。 [h2:35-50歲 ] 我們開始關注我們的第四功能,也就是最弱的那個功能。我們覺得需要去發展並更有效地使用這個功能。INFJ們開始使用他的外向感覺功能。他變得更了解他的周邊環境,並且開始用一種不誇張的實際感覺,接受他人傳來的信息。 雖然他繼續依靠他的主導的內向直覺功能來接受信息,但是他比以前更可能使用他的外向感覺功能。一些研究者已經證明,第四功能的出現是出現我們一般說的“中年危機”的原因。 [h2:50歲以後 ] 從這個年齡知道死亡,我們的四個功能都已經就位。但是,相比年輕的時候,我們用一種訓練過的、可區分的方式來使用他們。我們的基本性格類型繼續發揮作用,但是我們能夠在需要的時候隨時使用所有這四種性格功能。 How we Develop our Personality Types From age 0 - 6 years At this early age, we use all four of the functions in an indiscriminate fashion. We "try on" the different functions for size, determining which ones work best for us. The little INFJ has not yet emerged as any particular personality type, although his parents may notice trends in behavior which appear to have the characteristics of one or more types. From 6 - 12 years During this phase, our dominant function begins to develop and assert itself. Our young INFJ begins to appear dreamy and introspective - he begins to prefer to use his iNtuition to take in information, and he chooses to do this alone (Introverted). The dominant function of "Introverted iNtuition" begins to show itself as the prevailing aspect of his personality. From 12 - 20 years The auxiliary function asserts itself as a powerful support to the dominant function. Since all recent studies point towards the importance of a well-developed team of dominant AND auxiliary functions, this is an important time of "self-identification". Research suggests that people without a strong auxiliary function to complement their dominant function have real problems. In our INFJ example, we see the auxiliary Feeling function come to the front during this phase as a support to the dominant iNtuitive function. Since the INFJ's dominant function is an Information Gathering function, the auxilary function must be a Decision Making one. Without a Decision Making process, we would flounder about and never get anything done! As the auxilary Feeling process comes forth, the INFJ begins to develop the ability to make decisions based on his personal value system. This auxiliary decision making process will be Extraverted, since the dominant function is Introverted. Since the decision making function is Extraverted, our subject now emerges as a "Judger", rather than a "Perceiver". Our INFJ Personality Type is now pretty firmly set in place, and we know the dominance ordering of the four functions. From 20 - 35 years We begin to use our tertiary function more frequently and with better success. Our INFJ begins to use his Introverted Thinking function. He continues to make judgments with his Extreverted Feeling auxiliary function, but he also begins to make judgments based on logic and reason, which he works through in his own mind, rather than discussing it with others. From 35 - 50 years We pay attention to our fourth, inferior function. We feel a need to develop it and use it more effectively. Our INFJ begins to use his Extraverted Sensing function. He becomes more aware of his surroundings and begins to take in information from others in a more literal, practical sense. He continues to rely on his dominant Introverted iNtuitive function to take in information, but he is more able to use his Extraverted Sensing function than he has been before in his life. Some researchers have attested that the appearance of our inferior functions at this phase of life may be responsible for what we commonly call the "mid-life crisis". From 50 onwards From this age until our deaths, we have accessibility to all four functions. However, we use them in a more disciplined, differentiated manner than when we were very young. Our basic Personality Type continues to assert itself, but we are able to call upon all four functions when needed. 原文: [link:http://www.personalitypage.com/development.html] 翻譯:[link:Jeff=http://www.douban.com/people/eageleye/]
    xinbo(ENTJ) 發表於 2016-08-01 修改回複喜歡(1)
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    • 心理成長2010-08-19
      0-6歲階段

      在這個早期的年齡裏,我們用一種不加選擇的方式使用INFJ四個功能, 我們像試穿衣服那用去試著使用每種功能,來決定哪個對我們更有效。小INFJ們身上還沒有浮現出任何一種特定的性格類型,盡管他的父母可能注意到他的行為已經顯示出擁有一種或多種性格類型特質的傾向。



      6-12歲階段

      在這個階段,我們的主導功能開始發展而表現自己。咱們的小INFJ們開始表現得充滿夢想、喜歡內省,他開始偏愛用他的直覺去接受外在信息,並且他會寧願一個人呆著(內傾), INFJ的主導功能——“內向的直覺”開始作為他性格的主要方麵表現出來。



      12-20歲

      輔助功能顯示它的作用,作為對主導功能的強大支持。近來所有的研究都指出一個充分發展的主導功能和輔助功能組合的重要性,所以這是一個重要的“自己認同”時期。研究表明,缺乏強大的輔助功能來彌補主導功能的人們會出大問題。

      在我們的INFJ例子上,我們能看到輔助功能——情感功能(F)這個階段在這個階段變得明顯,作為主導功能——直覺(N)的支持。

      因為INFJ的主導功能(N)是信息收集功能,輔助功能就必須是一種決策製定功能。要是沒有了決策過程,我們將猶豫、躊躇,什麼事也幹不成。

      隨著輔助的情感功能的出現,INFJ們開始發展基於他們自身價值觀係統而進行決策的能力, 這個輔助的決策過程將是外向的,因為主導功能是內向的。正因為這個外向的決策功能是外向的,“判斷”性格才會出現在我們的談論話題中來,而不是“感知”性格。現在,我們的INFJ的性格類型已經穩固地形成,也知道我們四種功能的主次順序。

       

      20-35歲階段

      我們開始更頻繁地使用我們的第三性格功能,並且也越來越取得成功。INFJ們開始他們的內向思考功能。他繼續用他的外向情感輔助功能來做出判斷,但是他也開始根據邏輯和推理來進行判斷,這個判斷過程是在他自己的頭腦進行,而不是和別人一起來討論。



      35-50歲

      我們開始關注我們的第四功能,也就是最弱的那個功能。我們覺得需要去發展並更有效地使用這個功能。INFJ們開始使用他的外向感覺功能。他變得更了解他的周邊環境,並且開始用一種不誇張的實際感覺,接受他人傳來的信息。

      雖然他繼續依靠他的主導的內向直覺功能來接受信息,但是他比以前更可能使用他的外向感覺功能。一些研究者已經證明,第四功能的出現是出現我們一般說的“中年危機”的原因。



      50歲以後

      從這個年齡知道死亡,我們的四個功能都已經就位。但是,相比年輕的時候,我們用一種訓練過的、可區分的方式來使用他們。我們的基本性格類型繼續發揮作用,但是我們能夠在需要的時候隨時使用所有這四種性格功能。









      How we Develop our Personality Types

      From age 0 - 6 years

      At this early age, we use all four of the functions in an indiscriminate fashion. We "try on" the different functions for size, determining which ones work best for us. The little INFJ has not yet emerged as any particular personality type, although his parents may notice trends in behavior which appear to have the characteristics of one or more types.



      From 6 - 12 years

      During this phase, our dominant function begins to develop and assert itself. Our young INFJ begins to appear dreamy and introspective - he begins to prefer to use his iNtuition to take in information, and he chooses to do this alone (Introverted). The dominant function of "Introverted iNtuition" begins to show itself as the prevailing aspect of his personality.



      From 12 - 20 years

      The auxiliary function asserts itself as a powerful support to the dominant function. Since all recent studies point towards the importance of a well-developed team of dominant AND auxiliary functions, this is an important time of "self-identification". Research suggests that people without a strong auxiliary function to complement their dominant function have real problems.

      In our INFJ example, we see the auxiliary Feeling function come to the front during this phase as a support to the dominant iNtuitive function. Since the INFJ's dominant function is an Information Gathering function, the auxilary function must be a Decision Making one. Without a Decision Making process, we would flounder about and never get anything done! As the auxilary Feeling process comes forth, the INFJ begins to develop the ability to make decisions based on his personal value system. This auxiliary decision making process will be Extraverted, since the dominant function is Introverted. Since the decision making function is Extraverted, our subject now emerges as a "Judger", rather than a "Perceiver". Our INFJ Personality Type is now pretty firmly set in place, and we know the dominance ordering of the four functions.





      From 20 - 35 years

      We begin to use our tertiary function more frequently and with better success. Our INFJ begins to use his Introverted Thinking function. He continues to make judgments with his Extreverted Feeling auxiliary function, but he also begins to make judgments based on logic and reason, which he works through in his own mind, rather than discussing it with others.



      From 35 - 50 years

      We pay attention to our fourth, inferior function. We feel a need to develop it and use it more effectively. Our INFJ begins to use his Extraverted Sensing function. He becomes more aware of his surroundings and begins to take in information from others in a more literal, practical sense. He continues to rely on his dominant Introverted iNtuitive function to take in information, but he is more able to use his Extraverted Sensing function than he has been before in his life. Some researchers have attested that the appearance of our inferior functions at this phase of life may be responsible for what we commonly call the "mid-life crisis".



      From 50 onwards

      From this age until our deaths, we have accessibility to all four functions. However, we use them in a more disciplined, differentiated manner than when we were very young. Our basic Personality Type continues to assert itself, but we are able to call upon all four functions when needed.




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